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4.5.6 Knowledge of MTCT - Through breastfeeding
Program Area: Knowledge 
Definition: The percent of respondents who report that HIV can be transmitted from mother to child in breastfeeding. 
Numerator: The number of respondents who say that HIV can be transmitted from mother to child through breastfeeding. 
Denominator: Total number of respondents. 
Measurement Tools: UNAIDS general population survey; DHS AIDS module; FHI BSS; MICS (UNICEF). 
What It Measures: The indicator measures prevalence of knowledge of one of the basic ways in which HIV can be transmitted from mother to child--through breast milk. 
How to Measure It: In a prompted question, respondents are asked if the AIDS virus can be transmitted from mother to child in breast milk. 
Strengths and Limitations: Knowledge of the risk of transmission during breast feeding is a necessary component of IEC designed to encourage mothers to seek nevirapine treatment for nursing babies when nevirapine is available. Alternatively, IEC can urge risk-conscious mothers to bottle-feed their infants exclusively. The indicator should be measured and reported in conjunction with indicators of the knowledge of risks of transmission during pregnancy and delivery. 
Use of Indicator:  
Tools: Surveys (UNAIDS, DHS, FHI, UNICEF) 
SSO Code:  
The President's
Emergency Plan:
OVC: No 
MDG: No 

USAID | UNAIDS | UNICEF | WHO | CDC | US Census Bureau
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