Indicator 4.6: "Comprehensive correct knowledge about AIDS (2 ways to prevent AIDS and reject 3 misconceptions)"

Definition

The percent of respondents who correctly identify the two major ways of preventing the sexual transmission of HIV (using condoms and limiting sex to one faithful, uninfected partner), who reject the two most common local misconceptions about HIV transmission, and who know that a healthy-looking person can have HIV, based on 4.1 and 4.2.

Measurement Tools

UNAIDS general population survey; DHS AIDS module; FHI BSS; UNICEF MICS

What It Measures

This indicator is an aggregation of data from indicators 4.1 and 4.2. It reflects the extent to which national IEC programs and other efforts have succeeded in promoting the knowledge of valid HIV prevention methods and have managed to reduce misconceptions relating to the disease.

How to Measure It

This indicator is compiled from data collected for Indicator 4.1. and Indicator 4.2. 4.1 is comprised of two questions, while 4.2 is based on 3 questions. Only respondents who answer correctly on all five prompted questions are included in the numerator. The denominator is all respondents, regardless of whether they have ever heard of AIDS.

Strengths and Limitations

Since it shares the data collected for Indicator 4.1. and Indicator 4.2., this indicator also shares their strengths and weaknesses. Since many people with correct knowledge about prevention also have incorrect beliefs, this indicator is likely to be lower than Indicator 4.1. A smaller number of people with no misconceptions but with incorrect knowledge about prevention are likely to bring this combined indicator down below the level recorded by Indicator 4.2.