Indicator 4.5.1: "Knowledge of prevention of MTCT - Can be prevented by mother taking ART during pregnancy"

Definition

The percent of respondents who report that maternal to child transmission of HIV can be prevented through anti-retroviral therapy during pregnancy.

Measurement Tools

UNAIDS general population survey; DHS AIDS module; FHI BSS; MICS (UNICEF).

What It Measures

This indicator looks at whether women and men know of methods to prevent the transmission of HIV from mother to child. In this field as in the field of prevention of sexual transmission, knowledge is a prerequisite for decision-making and intervention, although by no means sufficient to ensure it.

This indicator measures people's knowledge of methods to prevent transmission from mother to child through anti-retroviral therapy. Men's knowledge in this area is also important, not least because in many societies men dominate decisions about family formation and childbearing, so the indicator is constructed for both sexes. Since most IEC campaigns in this area are aimed at women, programme managers will want to monitor their effectiveness by disaggregating the indicator by gender.

How to Measure It

Male and female respondents are asked in a prompted question whether MTCT of HIV can be prevented in the mother takes drugs during pregnancy

Strengths and Limitations

Information in this indicator can be used in programs targeting MTCT to shape women's attitudes and behaviour regarding seeking HIV testing and counselling and subsequent seeking of anti-retroviral therapy. The indicator can also be used to prioritize VCT and follow-up care and support.