Indicator 4.2.3: "No incorrect beliefs about AIDS - AIDS cannot be transmitted by supernatural means"

Definition

The percent of respondents who reject the misconception that HIV/AIDS can be transmitted by supernatural means.

Measurement Tools

UNAIDS general population survey; DHS AIDS module; FHI BSS; MICS (UNICEF).

What It Measures

If people believe that AIDS can be transmitted by supernatural means, they may not be persuaded that valid means of AIDS prevention such as condom use or having sex only with one uninfected partner are in fact effective.

How to Measure It

In a prompted question, respondents are asked if AIDS can be transmitted by supernatural means. To enter the numerator for this indicator, a respondent must reject the possibility of transmission by supernatural means. The denominator is comprised of the number of respondents to the question.

Strengths and Limitations

Measuring the prevalence of the belief that AIDS can be transmitted supernaturally helps IEC program planners address an attitudinal obstacle to effective prevention.