Indicator 4.2.1: "No incorrect beliefs about AIDS - Healthy-looking person can have the AIDS virus"

Definition

The percent of respondents who say that a healthy-looking person can have the AIDS virus.

Measurement Tools

UNAIDS general population survey; DHS AIDS module; FHI BSS; MICS (UNICEF).

What It Measures

This indicator measures prevalence of the obverse of a potentially important misconception of risk: that a healthy-looking person cannot harbour HIV and therefore cannot infect other persons, e.g., sex partners.

How to Measure It

In a prompted question, respondents are asked if it is possible for a healthy-looking person to have HIV. The number of respondents who answer affirmatively comprise the numerator. The denominator consists of the number of respondents to the question.

Strengths and Limitations

Reporting the prevalence of this knowledge indicator can help HIV/AIDS intervention planners prioritize the content of IEC programs. The indicator gives the level of an important misconception which may lead a person to have unprotected sex and become infected with HIV.