Indicator 4.1.2: "Knowledge of HIV prevention methods - Use of condoms (prompted)"

Definition

The percent of respondents who, in response to a prompted question, say that people can protect themselves from contracting HIV by using condoms.

Measurement Tools

UNAIDS general population survey; DHS AIDS module; FHI BSS (adult); FHI BSS; (MICS (UNICEF).

What It Measures

Most AIDS programmes targeting the general population promote mutual monogamy and condom use as the primary ways of avoiding HIV infection among the sexually active men and women who make up the majority of all adults in virtually every population. This indicator measures the extent to which those messages have reached the general population or the specific sub-population surveyed.

How to Measure It

The indicator is derived from correct answers given for condom usage as a primary sexual prevention method for sexually active adults, following a prompted question in a survey. All respondents surveyed are included in the denominator, regardless of whether they have ever heard of AIDS or not.

Strengths and Limitations

Data for this indicator are easy to collect in a population survey. In most countries the score on this indicator will be high.