Indicator 2.5: "Knowledge of a formal source of condoms among young people."


Percentage of young people age 15-24 who know of at least one formal source of condoms.

Measurement Tools

No information available on "Measurement Tools".

What It Measures

This indicator measures the proportion of young people who can name at least one formal source of condoms. Studies have demonstrated that adolescents who know of at least one source of condoms are much more likely than other adolescents to use them. It should be noted that there may be many acceptable answers to the question on sources, e.g. health centres, pharmacies, stores, outreach clinics, vending machines or any other formal structure or setting where condoms can be purchased or obtained free of charge. A definition of the exact range of acceptable sources should be produced in each national setting.

How to Measure It

This indicator is assessed by asking respondents to name at least one source where they can obtain condoms. The question should allow for more than one source to be listed. The maximum number can be defined in each national setting but three sources represent an acceptable option. For a questionnaire administered by a surveyor the interviewer should simply record the sources listed, probing the respondent to think of another source until the set number of sources has been achieved or the respondent cannot name an additional source. In a self-administered questionnaire there should be a number of blank spaces where respondents can write their answers. At the analysis stage, certain stated sources may be considered unacceptable or incorrect, e.g. friends or family members may not be considered as formal sources of condoms.

Strengths and Limitations

In many parts of the world the vast majority of young people can be expected to know of at least one formal source of condoms. In order to obtain a meaningful answer in this circumstance, one option is to increase the minimum number of sources to be listed for a correct answer, i.e. the numerator is the number of respondents who can list, say, at least two formal sources of condoms.Knowing a source of condoms is the first requisite for obtaining them but is not the same as actually being able to do so. Various barriers can prevent young people from accessing condoms, among the more common being their cost and the stigma associated with obtaining them. It is very important to examine these barriers, as interventions can be targeted at overcoming them, e.g. the provision of subsidies for the purchase of condoms or the organization of media campaigns aimed at reducing stigma.