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Summary List of Indicator Definitions

1.1 AIDS Programme Effort Index (API)
Definition: The average score given to a national programme by a defined group of knowledgeable individuals asked about progress in over 90 individual areas of programming, grouped into 10 major components. 
Numerator:  
Denominator:  
1.2 Spending on HIV prevention programs
Definition: The amount of money allocated in national accounts for spending on HIV prevention and care programmes, per adult aged 15-49. 
Numerator:  
Denominator:  
2.1 Condoms available for distribution nationwide
Definition: Total number of condoms available for distribution nationwide during the preceding 12 months, divided by the total population aged 15-49. This indicator was formerly the WHO/GPA Prevention Indicator 2. 
Numerator: Total number of condoms available for distribution nationwide during the preceding 12 months. 
Denominator: Total population aged 15-49. 
2.2 Retail outlets and services with condoms in stock
Definition: The proportion of randomly selected retail outlets and service delivery points that have condoms in stock at the time of a survey, of all retail outlets and service delivery points selected for survey. 
Numerator: Total number of randomly selected retail outlets and service delivery points that have condoms in stock. 
Denominator: Total number of retail outlets and service delivery outlets selected. 
2.3 Condoms that meet quality control measures
Definition: The percent of condoms in central stock and in retail outlets that meet WHO quality specifications. 
Numerator:  
Denominator:  
2.4 Adult support of education on condom use for prevention of HIV/AIDS among young people
Definition: Percentage of adults (18+ y.o.) who are in favor of young people being educated about using a condom to prevent HIV/AIDS.  
Numerator: Adults age 18+ who agree that young people aged 12-14 years old should be taught about using condoms to prevent HIV/AIDS. Numerator limited to 18-49 [not 15-49]  
Denominator: All adults age 18 and above. Note: Denominator limited to 18-49 [not 15-49]  
2.5 Knowledge of a formal source of condoms among young people.
Definition: Percentage of young people age 15-24 who know of at least one formal source of condoms.  
Numerator: All young people age 15-24 who can name at least one formal source of condoms. 
Denominator: All young people age 15-24. 
2.6 Percentage of young people aged 15-24 who report they could get condoms on their own
Definition: Percentage of young people aged 15-24 who report they could get condoms on their own. 
Numerator: Number of young women and men (15-24 years) who know a place where to get condoms and who report that they could get condoms on their own if they wanted. 
Denominator: Total number of respondents (15-24 years) surveyed 
3.1 Accepting attitudes towards those living with HIV - Composite of 4 components
Definition: The percent of respondents expressing accepting attitudes towards people with HIV. 
Numerator: The number of respondents who report an accepting or supportive attitude on all four component questions: 1) would be willing to care for a family member who became sick with the AIDS virus; 2) would buy fresh vegetables from a vendor whom they knew was HIV+; 3) female teacher who is HIV+ but not sick should be allowed to continue teaching in school; 4) would not want to keep the HIV+ status of a family member a secret. 2)  
Denominator: Total number of respondents who have heard of HIV/AIDS. 
3.1.1 Accepting attitudes - Willing to care for family member sick with AIDS (1)
Definition: The percent of respondents saying that they would be willing to care for a family member who became sick with the AIDS virus. 
Numerator: The number of respondents who report that they would be willing to care for a family member who became sick with the AIDS virus. 
Denominator: Total number of respondents who have heard of HIV/AIDS. 
3.1.2 Accepting attitudes - Would buy fresh vegetables from a shopkeeper with AIDS (2)
Definition: The percent of respondents who say they would buy fresh vegetables from a vendor whom they knew was HIV+ 
Numerator: The number of respondents who report they would buy fresh vegetables from a vendor whom they knew was HIV+. 
Denominator: Total number of respondents who have heard of HIV/AIDS. 
3.1.3 Accepting attitudes - Female teacher who is HIV+ but not sick should be allowed to continue teaching in school (3)
Definition: The percent of respondents who say that a female teacher who is HIV+ but not sick should be allowed to continue teaching in school 
Numerator: The number of respondents who report that a female teacher who is HIV+ but not sick should be allowed to continue teaching in school. 
Denominator: Total number of respondents who have heard of HIV/AIDS. 
3.1.4 Accepting attitudes - Not secretive about family member's HIV status (4)
Definition: The percent of respondents who say that they would not want to keep the HIV+ status of a family member a secret. 
Numerator: The number of respondents who report that they would not want to keep the HIV+ status of a family member a secret. 
Denominator: Total number of respondents who have heard of HIV/AIDS. 
3.1.5 Accepting attitudes - Approving of (2) food vendors and (3) teachers (MICS)
Definition: The percent of respondents who say that they would buy fresh vegetables from an HIV+ food vendor and that they are in favor of having an HIV+ female teacher continue to teach in school 
Numerator: The number of respondents who report they would buy fresh vegetables from a vendor whom they knew was HIV+ and who also say that a female teacher who is HIV+, but not sick should be allowed to continue teaching in school. 
Denominator: Total number of respondents who have heard of HIV/AIDS. 
3.1.6 Accepting attitudes - (1) caring and (3) approving teachers (DHS)
Definition: The percent of respondents who say that they would be willing to care for a family member sick with the AIDS virus, that a female teacher who is HIV+ but who is not sick should be allowed to continue teaching in school. 
Numerator: The number of respondents who report they would be willing to care for a family member sick with HIV, that a teacher who is HIV+ but not sick should be allowed to continue teaching in school. 
Denominator: Total number of respondents who have heard of HIV/AIDS. 
3.1.7 Accepting attitudes - person allowed to keep HIV+ status private
Definition: The percent of respondents who say that, if a person became infected with HIV, they should be allowed to keep it private. 
Numerator: The number of respondents who report that a person should be allowed to keep their HIV+ status private. 
Denominator: Total number of respondents who have heard of HIV/AIDS. 
3.2 Employers ensuring no discrimination against people with HIV
Definition: The proportion of formal-sector employers sampled with non-discriminatory policies and non-discriminatory practices in recruitment, advancements and benefits for employees with HIV. 
Numerator:  
Denominator:  
4.0.1 Heard of HIV/AIDS
Definition: The percent of respondents who have heard of HIV or AIDS 
Numerator: The number of respondents who have heard of HIV or AIDS 
Denominator: Total number of respondents 
4.1 Knowledge of HIV prevention methods - Composite of 2 components (prompted)
Definition: The percent of respondents who, in response to a prompted question, say that people can protect themselves from contracting HIV by using condoms or having sex only with one faithful, uninfected partner. 
Numerator: The number of respondents who, in response to prompting, correctly identify using condoms and having sex only with one faithful uninfected partner as means of protection against HIV infection. 
Denominator: Total number of respondents. 
4.1.1 Knowledge of HIV prevention methods - Composite of 3 components (prompted)
Definition: The percent of respondents who, in response to a prompted question, say that people can protect themselves from contracting HIV by having no penetrative sex, using condoms or having sex only with one faithful, uninfected partner. 
Numerator: The number of respondents who, in response to prompting, correctly identify having no penetrative sex, using condoms, and having sex only with one faithful uninfected partner as means of protection against HIV infection. 
Denominator: Total number of respondents. 
4.1.2 Knowledge of HIV prevention methods - Use of condoms (prompted)
Definition: The percent of respondents who, in response to a prompted question, say that people can protect themselves from contracting HIV by using condoms. 
Numerator: The number of respondents who, in response to prompting, correctly identify using condoms as means of protection against HIV infection. 
Denominator: Total number of respondents. 
4.1.3 Knowledge of HIV prevention methods - Only one partner (prompted)
Definition: The percent of respondents who, in response to a prompted question, say that people can protect themselves from contracting HIV by having sex only with one faithful, uninfected partner. 
Numerator: The number of respondents who, in response to prompting, correctly identify having sex only with one faithful uninfected partner as means of protection against HIV infection. 
Denominator: Total number of respondents. 
4.1.4 Knowledge of HIV prevention methods - Abstain from sex (prompted)
Definition: The percent of respondents who, in response to a prompted question, say that people can protect themselves from contracting HIV by abstaining from having penetrative sex. 
Numerator: The number of respondents who, in response to prompting, correctly identify avoiding penetrative sex as a means of protection against HIV infection. 
Denominator: Total number of respondents. 
4.1.5 Knowledge of HIV prevention methods - Use of condoms (spontaneous)
Definition: The percent of respondents who, in response to an unprompted question, say that people can protect themselves from contracting HIV by using condoms. 
Numerator: The number of respondents who, in response to an unprompted question, correctly identify using condoms as a means of protection against HIV infection. 
Denominator: Total number of respondents. 
4.1.6 Knowledge of HIV prevention methods - Only one/ limiting partners (spontaneous)
Definition: The percent of respondents who, in response to an unprompted question, say that people can protect themselves from contracting HIV by limiting the number of sexual partners or having only one sexual partner. 
Numerator: The number of respondents who, in response to an unprompted question, correctly identify limiting the number of sexual partners or having only one sexual partner as a means of protection against HIV infection. 
Denominator: Total number of respondents. 
4.1.7 Knowledge of HIV prevention methods - Abstain from sex (spontaneous)
Definition: The percent of respondents who, in response to an unprompted question, say that people can protect themselves from contracting HIV by abstaining from sex. 
Numerator: The number of respondents who, in response to an unprompted question, correctly identify having no sex as a means of protection against HIV infection. 
Denominator: Total number of respondents. 
4.1.8 Knowledge of HIV prevention methods - Believe there is no way to avoid AIDS
Definition: The percent of respondents who say that there is no way that a person can avoid getting HIV or AIDS. 
Numerator: The number of respondents who say that there is no way that a person can avoid HIV infection. 
Denominator: Total number of respondents. 
4.2 No incorrect beliefs about AIDS - Composite of 3 components
Definition: The percent of respondents who, in response to a prompted question, correctly reject the two most common local misconceptions about AIDS transmission or prevention, and who know that a healthy-looking person can have the AIDS virus, based on 4.2.1, 4.2.2 and either 4.2.3 or 4.2.6. 
Numerator: The number of respondents who, in response to prompted questions, correctly respond that a person who looks healthy can have the AIDS virus and who also correctly reject the two most common local misconceptions about AIDS transmission or prevention. 
Denominator: Total number of respondents. 
4.2.1 No incorrect beliefs about AIDS - Healthy-looking person can have the AIDS virus
Definition: The percent of respondents who say that a healthy-looking person can have the AIDS virus. 
Numerator: The number of respondents who correctly respond that a person who looks healthy may have the AIDS virus. 
Denominator: Total number of respondents. 
4.2.2 No incorrect beliefs about AIDS - AIDS cannot be transmitted by mosquito bites
Definition: The percent of respondents who reject the misconception that HIV/AIDS can be transmitted by mosquito bites. 
Numerator: The number of respondents who correctly respond that the AIDS virus cannot be transmitted by mosquito bites. 
Denominator: Total number of respondents. 
4.2.3 No incorrect beliefs about AIDS - AIDS cannot be transmitted by supernatural means
Definition: The percent of respondents who reject the misconception that HIV/AIDS can be transmitted by supernatural means. 
Numerator: The number of respondents who correctly respond that the AIDS virus cannot be transmitted by supernatural means. 
Denominator: Total number of respondents. 
4.2.4 No incorrect beliefs about AIDS - reported both 4.2.1 and 4.2.2
Definition: The percent of respondents who correctly reported that a healthy-looking person can have AIDS and that AIDS cannot be transmitted by mosquito bites. 
Numerator: The number of respondents who correctly respond that a person who looks healthy may have the AIDS virus and who also correctly reject the idea that AIDS can be transmitted by mosquito bites. 
Denominator: Total number of respondents. 
4.2.5 No incorrect beliefs about AIDS - reported 4.2.1, 4.2.2, and 4.2.3
Definition: The percent of respondents who correctly reported that a healthy person can have AIDS, that AIDS cannot be transmitted by mosquito bites, and that AIDS cannot be transmitted by supernatural means. 
Numerator: The number of respondents who correctly respond that a healthy-looking person can pass on HIV, that HIV cannot be transmitted by mosquitoes, and that people do not become infected by supernatural means. 
Denominator: Total number of respondents. 
4.2.6 No incorrect beliefs about AIDS - Cannot become infected by sharing food with someone who has AIDS
Definition: The percent of respondents who reject the misconception that a person can become infected by sharing food with a person who has AIDS. 
Numerator: The number of respondents who correctly respond that HIV infection is not transmitted by sharing food. 
Denominator: Total number of respondents. 
4.3 Knowledge of HIV prevention among males having sex with males
Definition: The percent of males having sex with males who, in response to prompting, correctly identify avoiding anal sex and using condoms during anal sex as means of preventing HIV infection. 
Numerator: The number of male respondents who have sex with males, who in response to prompting, correctly identify avoiding anal sex and using condoms during anal sex as a means of preventing HIV infection. 
Denominator: Total number of male respondents who have sex with males. 
4.4 Knowledge of HIV prevention among injecting drug users
Definition: The percent of respondents in a survey of injecting drug users who, in response to prompting, identify switching to non-injectable drugs and avoiding sharing injecting equipment, as methods of preventing HIV transmission. 
Numerator: The number of injecting drug users who, in response to prompting, identify switching to non-injectable drugs, avoiding sharing injecting equipment, as methods of preventing HIV transmission. 
Denominator: Total number of injecting drug users. 
4.4.1 Knowledge of HIV prevention among injecting drug users - switching to non-injectable drugs
Definition: The percent of respondents in a survey of injecting drug users who, in response to prompting, identify switching to non-injectable drugs as a method of preventing HIV transmission. 
Numerator: The number of injecting drug users who, in response to prompting, identify switching to non-injectable drugs as a method of preventing HIV transmission. 
Denominator: Total number of injecting drug users. 
4.4.2 Knowledge of HIV prevention among injecting drug users - avoiding sharing injecting equipment
Definition: The percent of respondents in a survey of injecting drug users who, in response to prompting, identify avoiding sharing injecting equipment, as methods of preventing HIV transmission. 
Numerator: The number of injecting drug users who, in response to prompting, identify avoiding sharing injecting equipment, as methods of preventing HIV transmission. 
Denominator: Total number of injecting drug users. 
4.5 Knowledge of prevention of mother to child transmission of HIV
Definition: The percent of respondents who report that maternal to child transmission of HIV can be prevented through anti-retroviral therapy during pregnancy and avoiding breastfeeding. 
Numerator: The number of respondents who say that maternal to child transmission of HIV can be prevented through anti-retroviral therapy during pregnancy and avoiding breastfeeding. 
Denominator: Total number of respondents. 
4.5.1 Knowledge of prevention of MTCT - Can be prevented by mother taking ART during pregnancy
Definition: The percent of respondents who report that maternal to child transmission of HIV can be prevented through anti-retroviral therapy during pregnancy. 
Numerator: The number of respondents who say that maternal to child transmission of HIV can be prevented through anti-retroviral therapy during pregnancy. 
Denominator: Total number of respondents. 
4.5.2 Knowledge of prevention of MTCT - Can be prevented by mother avoiding breastfeeding
Definition: The percent of respondents who report that maternal to child transmission of HIV can be prevented by avoiding breastfeeding. 
Numerator: The number of respondents who say that maternal to child transmission of HIV can be prevented by avoiding breastfeeding. 
Denominator: Total number of respondents. 
4.5.3 Knowledge of mother to child transmission of HIV
Definition: The percent of respondents who report that the AIDS virus can be transmitted from mother to child. 
Numerator: The number of respondents who say that HIV can be transmitted from mother to child. 
Denominator: Total number of respondents. 
4.5.4 Knowledge of MTCT - During pregnancy
Definition: The percent of respondents who report that HIV can be transmitted from mother to child during pregnancy. 
Numerator: The number of respondents who say that HIV can be transmitted from mother to child during pregnancy. 
Denominator: Total number of respondents. 
4.5.5 Knowledge of MTCT - During delivery
Definition: The percent of respondents who report that HIV can be transmitted from mother to child during delivery. 
Numerator: The number of respondents who say that HIV can be transmitted from mother to child during delivery  
Denominator: Total number of respondents. 
4.5.6 Knowledge of MTCT - Through breastfeeding
Definition: The percent of respondents who report that HIV can be transmitted from mother to child in breastfeeding. 
Numerator: The number of respondents who say that HIV can be transmitted from mother to child through breastfeeding. 
Denominator: Total number of respondents. 
4.5.7 Knowledge of MTCT - During pregnancy, delivery, and breast feeding
Definition: The percent of respondents who report that HIV can be transmitted from mother to child during pregnancy, delivery, and through breastfeeding. 
Numerator: The number of respondents who say that HIV transmission from mother to child can take place during pregnancy, delivery, and through breastfeeding. 
Denominator: Total number of respondents. 
4.6 Comprehensive correct knowledge about AIDS (2 ways to prevent AIDS and reject 3 misconceptions)
Definition: The percent of respondents who correctly identify the two major ways of preventing the sexual transmission of HIV (using condoms and limiting sex to one faithful, uninfected partner), who reject the two most common local misconceptions about HIV transmission, and who know that a healthy-looking person can have HIV, based on 4.1 and 4.2. 
Numerator: The number of respondents who, in response to prompting,
1) correctly identify using condoms and having sex only with one faithful uninfected partner as means of protection against HIV infection and
2) who correctly reject the two most common local misconceptions about AIDS transmission or prevention and
3) who correctly respond that a person who looks healthy can have HIV. 
Denominator: Total number of respondents. 
4.6.1 Comprehensive correct knowledge about AIDS (3 ways to prevent AIDS and reject 3 misconceptions)
Definition: The percent of respondents who correctly identify all three major ways of preventing the sexual transmission of HIV and who reject three major misconceptions about HIV transmission or prevention, based on 4.1.1 and 4.2. 
Numerator: The number of respondents who, in response to prompting,
1) correctly identify having no penetrative sex, using condoms, and having sex only with one faithful uninfected partner as means of protection against HIV and
2) who correctly reject the two most common local misconceptions about AIDS transmission or prevention and
3) who correctly respond that a person who looks healthy may have the AIDS virus. 
Denominator: Total number of respondents. 
4.7 Comprehensive correct knowledge about AIDS among young people age 15-24 (2 ways to prevent AIDS and reject 3 misconceptions)
Definition: The percent of respondents age 15-24 y.o. who correctly identify the two major ways of preventing the sexual transmission of HIV (using condoms and limiting sex to one faithful, uninfected partner), who reject the two most common local misconceptions about HIV transmission, and who know that a healthy-looking person can have HIV, based on 4.1 and 4.2.  
Numerator: The number of respondents age 15-24 y.o. who, in response to prompting, 1) correctly identify using condoms and having sex only with one faithful uninfected partner as means of protection against HIV infection and 2) who correctly reject the two most common local misconceptions about AIDS transmission or prevention and 3) who correctly respond that a person who looks healthy can have HIV.  
Denominator: Total number of respondents age 15-24y.o.  
5.1 Population requesting an HIV test, receiving a test and receiving test results
Definition: The percent of respondents who have ever voluntarily requested an HIV test, received the test and received their results. 
Numerator: The number of respondents who report having voluntarily requested an HIV test, received the test and have received their results. 
Denominator: Total number of respondents. 
5.1.1 Population ever receiving an HIV test
Definition: The percent of respondents who have ever received an HIV test. 
Numerator: The number of respondents who report ever having received an HIV test. 
Denominator: Total number of respondents. 
5.1.2 Population receiving an HIV test and receiving test results in the last 12 months
Definition: Percent of the general population aged 15–49 receiving an HIV test and receiving the test results in the last 12 months 
Numerator: Number of respondents aged 15–49 who report receiving an HIV test and receiving the test results in the last 12 months 
Denominator: Number of respondents age 15-49 surveyed 
5.2 Districts with VCT services
Definition: The percent of districts that have at least one centre staffed by trained counsellors providing specialised HIV counselling and testing services free or at affordable rates. 
Numerator: The number of districts in the country with at least one facility meeting the criteria. 
Denominator: Total number of districts in the country. 
5.3 Quality post HIV test counselling
Definition: The percent of post HIV test counselling sessions at voluntary counselling and testing facilities that meet international standards for quality counselling. 
Numerator: The number of post–HIV test counselling sessions observed that meet minimum standards for quality post-HIV test counseling. 
Denominator: Total number of post-HIV test counselling sessions observed. 
5.4 VCT centres with minimum conditions to provide quality services
Definition: The percent of clients served by VCT services that meet minimum conditions necessary to provide quality counselling and HIV testing services. 
Numerator: The number of clients served in the last year by sites that meet minimum conditions to provide quality VCT services. 
Denominator: Total number of clients served in the last year by all sites sampled. 
5.5 VCT laboratories that follow quality testing protocols
Definition: The percent of HIV tests requested by voluntary counselling and testing centres over a one-month period which follow recommended testing algorithms. 
Numerator:  
Denominator:  
5.6 HIV testing behaviour among young people, sexually active in the last 12 months
Definition: Proportion of sexually active young people who had an HIV test in the last 12 months and know the results.  
Numerator: The number of young people 15-24 who have had an HIV test in the last 12 months and know the results.  
Denominator: Young people 15-24 who have had sex in the last 12 months.  
6.1 Pregnant women counselled and tested for HIV
Definition: The percent of women who were counselled and offered voluntary HIV testing during antenatal care for their most recent pregnancy, accepted an offer of testing and received their test results, of all women who were pregnant at any time in the two years preceding the survey. 
Numerator: The number of women respondents who were counselled and offered voluntary HIV testing at ANC before their most recent birth in the last two years and received the test results. 
Denominator: Total number of women respondents who were pregnant at any time in the two years preceding the survey. 
6.1.1 Pregnant women counselled for HIV during ANC visit
Definition: The percent of women who were counselled for HIV during antenatal visit for the most recent birth, of all women who were pregnant at any time in the two years preceding the survey. 
Numerator: The number of women respondents who were counselled for HIV during antenatal visit for the most recent birth in the last two years preceding the survey. 
Denominator: Total number of women respondents who were pregnant at any time in the two years preceding the survey. 
6.1.2 Pregnant women tested for HIV during ANC visit
Definition: The percent of women who were offered voluntary HIV testing during antenatal care for their most recent pregnancy, accepted an offer of testing and received their test results, of all women who were pregnant at any time in the two years preceding the survey 
Numerator: The number of women who were offered voluntary HIV testing during antenatal care for their most recent pregnancy, accepted an offer of testing and received their test results.  
Denominator: Total number of women respondents who were pregnant at any time in the two years preceding the survey. 
6.2 Antenatal clinics offering or referring for VCT
Definition: The percent of clients at public antenatal clinics that attend clinics offering counselling and voluntary testing for HIV by trained staff, or referring to VCT services. 
Numerator: The number of clients in the past year attending antenatal clinics offering voluntary testing for HIV and post-HIV test counselling by trained staff or referring to other VCT services. 
Denominator: Total number of women attending antenatal clinics surveyed in the past year. 
6.3 Quality HIV counselling for pregnant women
Definition: The percent of post-HIV test counselling sessions for women attending antenatal clinics offering counselling and voluntary HIV testing that meet international standards for quality counselling, including referral for care where necessary. 
Numerator: The number of post-HIV test counselling sessions of women observed offering counselling and voluntary HIV testing that meet the criteria outlined in a standard checklist of quality post-HIV test counselling. 
Denominator: Total number of post-HIV test counselling sessions observed of women in ANC clinics. 
6.4 HIV-positive women provided with anti-retroviral therapy in pregnancy
Definition: The percent of women testing positive at selected antenatal clinics in the last year who are provided with a complete course of anti-retroviral therapy to prevent mother to child transmission according to national / international guidelines. 
Numerator: The number of HIV positive women who return for their test results and are provided with a full course of antiretroviral therapy according to national/international guidelines, along with therapy for the newborn. 
Denominator: Total number of women who test positive for HIV, regardless of whether or not they returned for their results, at selected antenatal clinics in the last year. 
7.1 Women's ability to negotiate safer sex with husband
Definition: The percent of respondents who believe that, if her husband has an STI, a wife can either refuse to have sex with him or propose condom use. 
Numerator: The number of respondents who believe that, if her husband has an STI, the woman could refuse to have sex with him or propose condom use. 
Denominator: Total number of respondents. 
7.2 Property dispossession
Definition: The percentage of widows who have experienced property dispossession. 
Numerator: Number of widows aged 15–49 who experienced property dispossession. 
Denominator: Total number of women ever widowed, aged 15–49. 
8.1 Higher risk sex in the last year
Definition: The percent of respondents who have had sex with a non-marital, non-cohabiting partner in the last 12 months of all respondents reporting sexual activity in the last 12 months 
Numerator: The number of respondents who have had sex with a non-marital, non-cohabiting partner in the last 12 months. 
Denominator: Total number of respondents who report having any sex in the last 12 months. 
8.1.1 Multiple partners in the last year among sexually active respondents aged 15-49.
Definition: Percentage of women and men age 15-49 who have had sexual intercourse with more than one partner in the last 12 months, among respondents aged 15-49, who were sexually active in the last 12 months. 
Numerator: Women and men age 15-49 who have had sexual intercourse with more than one partner in the last 12 months.  
Denominator: Respondents aged 15-49, who were sexually active in the last 12 months. 
8.1.2 Higher-risk Sex ( with multiple partners among all respondents)
Definition: Percentage of women and men aged 15–49 who have had sexual intercourse with more than one partner in the last 12 months. 
Numerator: Number of respondents aged 15–49 who have had sexual intercourse with more than one partner in the last 12 months 
Denominator: Number of all respondents aged 15–49 
8.2 Condom use at last higher risk sex (with a non-marital, non-cohabiting partner)
Definition: The percent of respondents who say they used a condom the last time they had sex with a non-marital, non-cohabiting partner, of those who have had sex with such a partner in the last 12 months. 
Numerator: The number of respondents who report using a condom the last time they had sex with a non-marital, non-cohabiting partner. 
Denominator: Total number of respondents who report that they had sex with a non-marital, non-cohabiting partner in the last 12 months. 
8.2.1 Condom use at last sex with a spouse or cohabiting partner
Definition: The percent of respondents who say they used a condom the last time they had sex with a spouse or cohabiting partner, of those who have had sex with such a partner in the last 12 months. 
Numerator: The number of respondents who report using a condom the last time they had sex with a spouse or cohabiting partner. 
Denominator: Total number of respondents who report that they had sex with a spouse or cohabitating partner in the last 12 months. 
8.2.2 Condom use at last sex with anyone
Definition: The percent of respondents who say they used a condom the last time they had sex of those who have had sex in the last 12 months. 
Numerator: The number of respondents who report using a condom the last time they had sex. 
Denominator: Total number of respondents who report that they had sex in the last 12 months. 
8.2.3 Condom use during higher-risk sex ( with multiple partners)
Definition: Percentage of women and men aged 15–49 who had more than one partner in the past 12 months reporting the use of a condom during their last sexual intercourse. 
Numerator: Number of respondents (aged 15–49) who reported having had more than one sexual partner in the last 12 months who also reported that a condom was used the last time they had sex. 
Denominator: Number of respondents (15–49) who reported having had more than one sexual partner in the last 12 months. 
8.3 Commercial sex in last year
Definition: The percent of men respondents reporting sex with a sex worker in the last 12 months. 
Numerator: The number of male respondents reporting they had sex with a sex worker in the last 12 months. 
Denominator: Total number of male respondents. 
8.4 Condom use at last commercial sex, reported by client
Definition: The percent of men respondents reporting condom use the last time they had sex with a sex worker, of those who report having had sex with a sex worker in the last 12 months. 
Numerator: The number of male respondents reporting condom use the last time they had sex with a sex worker. 
Denominator: Total number of male respondents who report having had sex with a sex worker in the last 12 months. 
8.5 Condom use at last commercial sex, reported by sex worker
Definition: The percent of sex workers who report using a condom with their most recent client, of sex workers who report having sex with any clients in the last 12 months. 
Numerator: The number of sex workers reporting having used a condom with their most recent client. 
Denominator: Total number of sex workers who report having sex with any clients in the last 12 months. 
8.6 Higher risk male-male sex in last year
Definition: The percent of men who have had anal sex with more than one male partner in the last 12 months of all men surveyed who have sex with a male partner. 
Numerator: The number of men who have had anal sex with more than one male partner in the last 12 months. 
Denominator: Total number of males who have sex with males. 
8.7 Condom use at last anal sex between men
Definition: The percent of men or their partners who used a condom at last anal sex with a male partner, of those who have had anal sex with a male partner in the last 12 months. 
Numerator: The number of men who used a condom at last anal sex with a male partner. 
Denominator: Total number of men who have had anal sex with a male partner in last 12 months. 
8.7.1 Men Who Have Sex with Men: Condom Use
Definition: Percentage of men reporting the use of a condom the last time they had anal sex with a male partner. 
Numerator: Number of respondents who reported that a condom was used the last time they had anal sex 
Denominator: Number of respondents who reported having had anal sex with a male partner in the last six(6) months 
9.1 Median age at first sex among young men and women
Definition: The age by which one half of young people aged 15-24 have had penetrative sex (median age). 
Numerator: The age by which one half of young men or young women aged 15-24 have had penetrative sex (median age), of all young people surveyed. 
Denominator: Total number of respondents aged 15-24. 
9.1.1 Abstinence of never-married young men and women.
Definition: Percent of never married young women and men aged 15–24 who have never had sex. 
Numerator: Number of never-married young women and men age 15-24 who have never had sex. 
Denominator: Young never-married women and men aged 15-24. 
9.1.2 Sex before the age of 15
Definition: Percentage of young people age 15-24 who have had sex before the age of 15.  
Numerator: Young people age 15-24 who report their age at first sex as under 15.  
Denominator: All young people age 15-24.  
9.1.3 Sex before the age of 18.
Definition: Percentage of young people 20-24 who have had sex before the age of 18.  
Numerator: Young people 20-24 who report their age at first sex as under 18.  
Denominator: All young people age 20-24. 
9.1.4 Primary Abstinence
Definition: Percentage of young women and men aged 15-19 who never had sex. 
Numerator: Number of young women and men aged 15-19 who never had sex 
Denominator: Number of young women and men aged 15-19 surveyed. 
9.1.5 Secondary Abstinence
Definition: Percentage of young women and men aged 15-24 who never had sex in the last year of those who ever had sex. 
Numerator: Number of women and men aged 15-24 who never had sex in the last 12 months. 
Denominator: Number of women and men aged 15-24 who ever had sex 
9.2 Young people having premarital sex in last year
Definition: The percent of young never married people (aged 15-24) who have had sex in the last 12 months of all young single people surveyed. 
Numerator: The number of never married respondents aged 15-24 who report any sex in the last 12 months. 
Denominator: Total number of never married respondents aged 15-24. 
9.3 Young people using a condom during premarital sex
Definition: The percent of young never married people (aged 15-24) who used a condom at last sex, of all young single sexually active people surveyed. 
Numerator: The number of never married respondents aged 15-24 who report using a condom the last time they had sex in the last 12 months. 
Denominator: Total number of never married respondents aged 15-24 who report having had sex in the last 12 months. 
9.4 Young people having multiple partners in last year
Definition: The percent of young people (aged 15-24) who have had sex with more than one partner in the last 12 months, of all sexually active young people, in the last 12 months.. 
Numerator: The number of respondents aged 15-24 who report having more than one sexual partner in the last 12 months. 
Denominator: Total number of respondents aged 15-24 who report being sexually active in the last 12 months. 
9.5 Young people using a condom at last higher risk sex
Definition: The percent of young people (aged 15-24) who used a condom at last sex with a non-marital, non-cohabiting partner, of those who have had sex with a non-marital, non-cohabiting partner in the last 12 months. 
Numerator: The number of respondents aged 15-24 who report that they used a condom the last time they had sex with a non-marital, non-cohabiting partner in the last 12 months. 
Denominator: Total number of respondents aged 15-24 who report that they had sex with a non-marital, non-cohabiting partner in the last 12 months. 
9.5.1 Young people using a condom at last higher risk sex of all young people surveyed
Definition: The percent of young people (aged 15-24) who have had sex in the last 12 months and used a condom at last sex with a non-marital, non-cohabiting partner, of all young people surveyed. 
Numerator: The number of respondents aged 15-24 who report that they used a condom the last time they had sex with a nonmarital, noncohabiting partner in the last 12 months. 
Denominator: Total number of respondents aged 15-24. 
9.6 Condom use at first sex
Definition: The percent of young people (aged 15-24) who used a condom the first time they ever had sex, of those who have ever had sex. 
Numerator: The number of respondents aged 15-24 who report that they used a condom the first time they ever had sex. 
Denominator: Total number of respondents aged 15-24 who report that they ever had sex. 
9.7 Age-mixing in sexual relationships (young women age 15-19, non-marital, non-cohabiting partner in the last 12 months)
Definition: The percent of women respondents aged 15-19 who have had non-marital sex with a man 10 years or more older than themselves in the last 12 months, of all those who have had non-marital sex in the last 12 months. 
Numerator: Women aged 15-19 who report sex in the last 12 months with a man who is 10 years or more older than themselves and to whom they are not married. 
Denominator: Female respondents aged 15-19 who report sex during the last 12 months with a man to whom they are not married.  
9.7.1 Age-mixing in sexual partnerships (young women age 15-24, any partner in the last 12 months)
Definition: Proportion of young women 15-24 who have had sex in the preceding 12 months with a partner who is 10 or more years older than themselves.  
Numerator: The number of female respondents 15-24 who have had sex in the preceding 12 months with a partner who is 10 or more years older than themselves.  
Denominator: Female respondents 15-24 who have had sex in the last 12 months. 
9.8 Forced sex among young people
Definition: Percentage of young women and men age 15-24 who had forced sex in the last 12 months. 
Numerator: Number of respondents aged 15-24 years who report having been forced to have sex in the last 12 months. 
Denominator: Young women and men age 15-24. 
9.9 Sex among young people while they are intoxicated
Definition: The proportion of young people who have had sex while they or their partner was intoxicated during the preceding 12 months. 
Numerator: The number of respondents aged 15-24 years who have had sex while intoxicated or while their partner was intoxicated during the preceding 12 months. 
Denominator: The number of respondents aged 15-24 years. 
9.10 Sex with commercial sex workers among young people.
Definition: The proportion of young people who have had sex with a commercial sex worker (CSW) in the preceding 12 months. 
Numerator: The number of respondents aged 15–24 years who have had sex with a CSW in the preceding 12 months. 
Denominator: Respondents aged 15-24 years. 
10.1 Injecting drug users sharing equipment at last injection
Definition: The percent of injecting drug users active in the last month who report sharing needles, syringes or other injecting equipment the last time they injected drugs. 
Numerator: The number of injecting drug users who report having shared needles, syringes or other injecting equipment in the past month. 
Denominator: Number of respondents who report that they injected drugs in the last month. 
10.2 Injecting drug users never sharing equipment in the last month
Definition: The percent of active injecting drug users surveyed who report never sharing injecting equipment during the last month. 
Numerator: The number of injecting drug users who report no sharing of needles, syringes or other injecting equipment at any time in the last month. 
Denominator: Number of respondents who report that they injected drugs in the last month. 
10.3 Drug injectors using condom at last sex
Definition: The percent of injecting drug users surveyed who used a condom the last time they had sex, of those who have had sex in the last 12 months. 
Numerator: The number of injecting drug users reporting that they used a condom the last time they had sex in the last 12 months. 
Denominator: Total number of injecting drug users who had sex in the last 12 months. 
10.3.1 Drug injectors using condom at last sex with a commercial sex worker
Definition: The percent of injecting drug users surveyed who used a condom the last time they had commercial sex in the last 12 months. 
Numerator: The number of injecting drug users reporting that they used a condom the last time they had commercial sex in the last 12 months. 
Denominator: Total number of injecting drug users who had commercial sex in the last 12 months. 
10.3.2 Drug injectors using condom at last sex with a non-regular partner
Definition: The percent of injecting drug users surveyed who used a condom the last time they had sex with a non-regular partner in the last 12 months. 
Numerator: The number of injecting drug users reporting that they used a condom the last time they had sex with a non-regular partner in the last 12 months. 
Denominator: Total number of injecting drug users who had sex with a non-regular partner in the last 12 months. 
10.3.3 Drug injectors using condom at last sex with a regular partner
Definition: The percent of injecting drug users surveyed who used a condom the last time they had sex with a regular partner in the last 12 months. 
Numerator: The number of injecting drug users reporting that they used a condom the last time they had sex with a regular partner in the last 12 months. 
Denominator: Total number of injecting drug users who had sex with a regular partner in the last 12 months. 
11.1 Screening of blood units for transfusion
Definition: The percent of blood units transfused in the last 12 months that have been adequately screened for HIV according to national or WHO guidelines. 
Numerator: The number of blood units transfused in the last 12 months that have been adequately screened for HIV according to national or WHO guidelines. 
Denominator: Total number of blood units transfused in the last 12 months. 
11.2 Reduction of blood transfusions
Definition: The number of blood units transfused in the previous 12 months, per 1000 population. 
Numerator: The total number of blood units transfused in the previous 12 months. 
Denominator: National population (or hospital catchment area population) x 1,000. 
11.3 Districts/regions with donor recruitment and blood transfusion services
Definition: The percent of districts or regions with access to blood transfusion services which do not pay blood donors, and do not recruit donors from among relatives of the patient. 
Numerator:  
Denominator:  
11.4 Health care settings with guidelines and practices for prevention of accidental HIV transmission
Definition: The percent of health care facilities in a facility survey that have guidelines to prevent nosocomial transmission of HIV, adequate sterilisation procedures, and surgical gloves in stock. 
Numerator: Number of facilities scoring positively on all three conditions: written standards, adequate sterilization practices, and surgical gloves in stock. 
Denominator: Total number of facilities surveyed. 
11.5 Average number of medical injections per person per year
Definition: Average number of medical injections per person per year 
Numerator: Number of injections administered by a doctor, a nurse, a pharmacist, or any other health worker to all respondents in the last 12 months  
Denominator: Number of women and men surveyed 
11.6 Proportion of women and men reporting that the last health care injection was given with a syringe and needle set from a new, unopened package
Definition: Proportion of women and men reporting that the last health care injection was given with a syringe and needle set from a new, unopened package 
Numerator: Number of those men and women from the denominator who mention that the last injection received was given with a syringe and needle set from a new, freshly opened package  
Denominator: Number of men and women who can recall receiving an injection in the last 12 months  
12.1 Appropriate diagnosis and treatment of STIs
Definition: The percent of patients with STIs at selected health care facilities who are appropriately diagnosed and treated according to national guidelines, of all STI patients at those centres. 
Numerator:  
Denominator:  
12.2 Advice to STI patients on prevention and referral to HIV testing services
Definition: The percent of patients with STIs who are given advice on condom use and partner notification and who are referred for HIV testing. 
Numerator:  
Denominator:  
12.3 Drug supply at STI care services
Definition: The percent of clients served by health facilities providing STI care that have a current supply of essential STI drugs and report no stockouts lasting longer than one week in the preceding 12 months. 
Numerator: The number of clients attending facilities providing STI services that have adequate drugs to treat each of the important STI syndromes in stock currently and that report no stock-outs of these drugs lasting more than 1 week in the past 12 months. 
Denominator: Total number of clients attending all STI service facilities surveyed. 
12.4 Men and women seeking treatment for STIs
Definition: The percent of respondents reporting symptoms of STIs in the last 12 months who sought care at a service provider with personnel trained in STI care. 
Numerator: The number of respondents reporting symptoms of STIs in the last 12 months who sought care at a service provider with personnel trained in STI care. 
Denominator: Total number of respondents who reported symptoms suggestive of STIs in the last 12 months. 
13.1 Medical personnel trained in care of HIV-related conditions
Definition: The percent of graduates of medical school, nursing school and continuing medical education facilities in the last 12 months trained in natural history of HIV and in diagnosis and care of common opportunistic infections. 
Numerator: The number of medical graduates in the last 12 months trained in essential aspects of HIV knowledge and management. 
Denominator: Total number of medical graduates in the past 12 months. 
13.2 Health facilities with the capacity to deliver appropriate care to HIV-infected patients
Definition: The percent of health care facilities at different levels of the health care system that have the capacity to deliver appropriate palliative care, treatment for opportunistic infections and referral for HIV-infected patients, according to national guidelines. 
Numerator: The number of health facilities matching or exceeding the minimum score for adequate capacity to manage HIV-infected patients. 
Denominator: Total number of health facilities surveyed. 
13.3 Health facilities with drugs for opportunistic infections and palliative care in stock
Definition: The percent of health facilities that are currently stocked with nationally approved drugs to treat common opportunistic infections and to provide palliative care, and report no stock-outs in the past 12 months. 
Numerator: The number of health facilities that have two designated drugs for opportunistic infections and one for palliative care in stock currently, and report no stock-outs in past 12 months. 
Denominator: Total number of health facilities surveyed. 
13.4 Households receiving help in caring for chronically ill adults
Definition: The percent of households with an adult aged 15-49 who has been ill for at least three consecutive months during the last 12 months that received external unpaid help in caring for the patient or replacing lost income. 
Numerator: The number of households receiving unpaid help in caring for a person 15–49 who has been ill for more than 3 months (or who was ill for 3 months before his or her death) out of the last 12 months from any source outside the household. 
Denominator: Total number of households caring for a person 15–49 who has been ill for more than 3 months (or ill for 3 months before their death) out of the last 12 months. 
13.4.1 External support for chronically ill persons
Definition:

Percentage of adults aged 18–59 years who have been chronically ill for 3 or more months in the past 12 months whose households received, free of user charges, basic external support in caring for chronically ill people, including health, psychological or emotional and other social and material support

External support for chronically ill adults is defined as:

  1. health care and supplies;
  2. emotional and psychological: counselling from a trained counsellor, companionship and emotional or spiritual support; and
  3. other social support, including socioeconomic (clothing, extra food or financial support) or instrumental (help with household work, training for a caregiver or legal services). .

External support is defined here as help free of user charges coming from a source other than friends, family or neighbours unless they are working for a community-based group or organization. In settings in which friends, family or neighbours provide most external support, programme managers may consider adapting this. The definition of chronically ill varies from setting to setting. Developing and noting a commonly agreed upon definition prior to initiating work is therefore important. 
Numerator:

Women and men 18-59 who have been ill for 3 or more months during the past 12 months and whose household received the following support:

  1. Medical support at least once a month during illness
  2. AND
  3. Emotional support in the last 30 days
  4. AND
  5. Material support in the last 30 days
  6. AND
  7. Social support in the last 30 days.

OR

Women and men who died in the past 12 months, age 18-59 when they died, and who had been chronically ill for 3 months before death and whose household received the following support:

  1. Medical support at least once a month during illness
  2. AND
  3. Emotional support in the last 30 days (before the death)
  4. AND
  5. Material support in the last 30 days (before the death)
  6. AND
  7. Social support in the last 30 days (before the death).

 
Denominator: Women and men age 18-59 who were ill for 3 or more months during the past 12 months, AND those ill for 3 or more months before death. 
13.4.2 External support for chronically ill persons, any support
Definition: Percentage of adults aged 18–59 years who have been chronically ill for 3 or more months in the past 12 months whose households received, free of user charges, basic external support in caring for chronically ill people, including health, psychological or emotional or other social and material support External support for chronically ill adults is defined as: health care and supplies; emotional and psychological: counselling from a trained counsellor, companionship and emotional or spiritual support; and other social support, including socioeconomic (clothing, extra food or financial support) or instrumental (help with household work, training for a caregiver or legal services). . External support is defined here as help free of user charges coming from a source other than friends, family or neighbours unless they are working for a community-based group or organization. In settings in which friends, family or neighbours provide most external support, programme managers may consider adapting this. The definition of chronically ill varies from setting to setting. Developing and noting a commonly agreed upon definition prior to initiating work is therefore important.

External support for chronically ill adults is defined as:

  1. health care and supplies;
  2. emotional and psychological: counselling from a trained counsellor, companionship and emotional or spiritual support; and
  3. other social support, including socioeconomic (clothing, extra food or financial support) or instrumental (help with household work, training for a caregiver or legal services). .

External support is defined here as help free of user charges coming from a source other than friends, family or neighbours unless they are working for a community-based group or organization. In settings in which friends, family or neighbours provide most external support, programme managers may consider adapting this. The definition of chronically ill varies from setting to setting. Developing and noting a commonly agreed upon definition prior to initiating work is therefore important. 
Numerator:

Women and men 18-59 who have been ill for 3 or more months during the past 12 months and whose household received the following support:

  1. Medical support at least once a month during illness
  2. OR
  3. Emotional support in the last 30 days
  4. OR
  5. Material support in the last 30 days
  6. OR
  7. Social support in the last 30 days.

OR

Women and men who died in the past 12 months, age 18-59 when they died, and who had been chronically ill for 3 months before death and whose household received the following support:

  1. Medical support at least once a month during illness
  2. OR
  3. Emotional support in the last 30 days (before the death)
  4. OR
  5. Material support in the last 30 days (before the death)
  6. OR
  7. Social support in the last 30 days (before the death).

 
Denominator: Women and men age 18-59 who were ill for 3 or more months during the past 12 months, AND those ill for 3 or more months before death.  
13.5 External Support for Orphaned and Vulnerable Children: at least one of the services
Definition: The percentage of OVC age 0-17 whose households received free basic external support in caring for the child. 
Numerator: Number of OVC who live in households that received at least one of the following services for the child:
  • Medical support within the past 12 months
  • School-related assistance within the past 12 months
  • Emotional support within the past 3 months
  • Other social support, including material support, within the past 3 months
 
Denominator: Total number of OVC age 0-17. 
13.5.1 External support for households with OVCs: all services
Definition: The percentage of orphans and vulnerable children whose households received free basic external support in caring for the child. 
Numerator:

Number of orphans and vulnerable children who live in households that received at least one of the following services:

  1. Medical support within the last 12 months
  2. AND
  3. Emotional/psychological support within the last 3 months
  4. AND
  5. Material support within the last 3 months
  6. AND
  7. Social support within the last 3 months
  8. AND
  9. School-related assistance within the past 12 months.

 
Denominator: Total number of OVCs age 0-17. 
14.1 Birth registration
Definition: Proportion of children aged 0-4 whose births are reported registered. 
Numerator: Number of children aged 0-4 whose births are reported registered. 
Denominator: Total number of children aged 0-4 surveyed. 
14.2 Percentage of children under 18 who are vulnerable
Definition: Percentage of children under 18 who are vulnerable. 
Numerator: Number of children under 18: 1) whose parents are chronically ill; or 2) who live in a household where an adult has died in the past 12 months and the adult was sick for 3 of the 12 months prior to the death; or 3) who live in a household with a chronicially ill adult. 
Denominator: All children under 18. 
14.2.1 Percentage of children under 18 who are vulnerable-chronically ill parents
Definition: Percentage of children under 18 whose parents are chronically ill. 
Numerator: Number of children under 18, whose parents are chronically ill. 
Denominator: All children under 18. 
14.2.2 Percentage of children under 18 who are vulnerable-adult in the household was sick for 3 of the 12 months prior to the death
Definition: Percentage of children under 18 who are vulnerable, who live in the household where an adult has died in the past 12 months and the adult was sick for 3 of the 12 months prior to the death. 
Numerator: Number of children under 18, who live in a household where an adult has died in the past 12 months and the adult was sick for 3 of the 12 months prior to the death. 
Denominator: All children under 18.  
14.2.3 Percentage of children under 18 who are vulnerable-chronically ill adults in the household
Definition: Percentage of children under 18 who who live in a household with a chronicially ill adult. 
Numerator: Number of children under 18 who live in a household with a chronicially ill adult. 
Denominator: All children under 18. 
14.3 Prevalence of orphanhood under 18 who are orphans-- mother, father or both dead
Definition: Percentage of children under 18 whose mother, father or both parents have died. 
Numerator: Number of children under 18 whose mother, father or both parents have died. 
Denominator: All children under 18. 
14.4 Prevalence of orphanhood among children under 15- mother, father or both dead
Definition: The percent of children under 15 in a household survey whose mother, father or both parents have died. 
Numerator: Total number of children who are currently under 15 and whose mother or father or both are dead. 
Denominator: Total number of children currently under 15 listed by respondents in the survey. 
14.4.1 Prevalence of orphanhood among children under 15- mother and father both dead
Definition: The percent of children under 15 in a household survey whose mother and father have died. 
Numerator: Total number of children who are currently under 15 and whose mother and father are both dead. 
Denominator: Total number of children currently under 15 listed by respondents in the survey. 
14.4.2 Prevalence of orphanhood among children under 15- mother dead (or both dead)
Definition: The percent of children under 15 in a household survey whose mother has died. 
Numerator: Total number of children who are currently under 15 and whose mother is dead. 
Denominator: Total number of children currently under 15 listed by respondents in the survey. 
14.4.3 Prevalence of orphanhood among children under 15- mother dead, father alive
Definition: The percent of children under 15 in a household survey whose mother has died but whose father is alive. 
Numerator: Total number of children who are currently under 15 and whose mother is dead but whose father is alive. 
Denominator: Total number of children currently under 15 listed by respondents in the survey. 
14.4.4 Prevalence of orphanhood among children under 15- father dead (or both dead)
Definition: The percent of children under 15 in a household survey whose father has died. 
Numerator: Total number of children who are currently under 15 and whose father is dead. 
Denominator: Total number of children currently under 15 listed by respondents in the survey. 
14.4.5 Prevalence of orphanhood among children under 15- father dead, mother alive
Definition: The percent of children under 15 in a household survey whose father has died but whose mother is alive. 
Numerator: Total number of children who are currently under 15 and whose father is dead but whose mother is alive. 
Denominator: Total number of children currently under 15 listed by respondents in the survey. 
14.5 Ratio of orphans to non-orphans who are in school - mother, father or both dead
Definition: The ratio of orphaned children aged 10-14 (who have lost either parent) in a household survey who are currently attending school to non-orphaned children the same age who are attending school. 
Numerator: Percentage of orphans 10-14 (who have lost the mother, father, or both parents) who are in school. 
Denominator: Percentage of non-orphans 10-14 living with at least one parent who are in school. 
14.5.1 Ratio of orphans to non-orphans who are in school - mother and father both dead
Definition: The ratio of orphaned children aged 10-14 (who have lost both parents) in a household survey who are currently attending school to non-orphaned children the same age who are attending school. 
Numerator: Percentage of orphans 10-14 (who have lost both mother and father) who are in school. 
Denominator: Percentage of non-orphans 10-14 living with at least one parent who are in school. 
14.5.2 Ratio of orphans to non-orphans who are in school - mother dead (or both dead)
Definition: The ratio of orphaned children aged 10-14 (who have lost their mothers) in a household survey who are currently attending school to non-orphaned children the same age who are attending school. 
Numerator: Percentage of orphans 10-14 (who have lost the mother) who are in school. 
Denominator: Percentage of non-orphans 10-14 living with at least one parent who are in school. 
14.5.3 Ratio of orphans to non-orphans who are in school - mother dead, father alive
Definition: The ratio of orphaned children aged 10-14 (who have lost their mothers, but not their fathers) in a household survey who are currently attending school to non-orphaned children the same age who are attending school. 
Numerator: Percentage of orphans 10-14 (who have lost the mother, but not the father) who are in school. 
Denominator: Percentage of non-orphans 10-14 living with at least one parent who are in school. 
14.5.4 Ratio of orphans to non-orphans who are in school - father dead (or both dead)
Definition: The ratio of orphaned children aged 10-14 (who have lost their fathers) in a household survey who are currently attending school to non-orphaned children the same age who are attending school. 
Numerator: Percentage of orphans 10-14 (who have lost the father) who are in school. 
Denominator: Percentage of non-orphans 10-14 living with at least one parent who are in school. 
14.5.5 Ratio of orphans to non-orphans who are in school - father dead, mother alive
Definition: The ratio of orphaned children aged 10-14 (who have lost their fathers, but not their mothers) in a household survey who are currently attending school to non-orphaned children the same age who are attending school. 
Numerator: Percentage of orphans 10-14 (who have lost the father, but not the mother) who are in school. 
Denominator: Percentage of non-orphans 10-14 living with at least one parent who are in school. 
14.5.6 Current school attendance rate of orphans aged 10-14
Definition: Current school attendance rate of orphans aged 10-14 
Numerator: Number of children who have lost both parents and who attend school 
Denominator: Number of children who have lost both parents 
14.5.7 Current school attendance rate of children aged 10–14 both of whose parents are alive and who live with at least one parent
Definition: Current school attendance rate of children aged 10–14 both of whose parents are alive and who live with at least one parent 
Numerator: Number of children both of whose parents are alive, who are living with at least one parent and who attend school 
Denominator: Number of children both of whose parents are alive who are living with at least one parent 
14.6 Malnutrition/underweight prevalence
Definition: Ratio of the proportion of orphans and vulnerable children (OVC) compared to non-OVC who are malnourished (underweight). 
Numerator:

Malnutrition rate among orphans and vulnerable children (%).

Numerator 1: The number of OVCs aged 0-4 years who are malnourished (below -2 standard deviations from the median weight-for-age of WHO/NCHS reference population).

Denominator 1: Number of OVCs aged 0-4 years.

 
Denominator:

Malnutrition rate among other children (%).

Numerator 2: Number of non-OVC children aged 0-4 years who are malnourished (below -2 standard deviations from the median weight-for-age of WHO/NCHS reference population).

Denominator 2: Number of non-OVC children aged 0-4 years.

 
14.7 Basic material needs
Definition: Ratio of orphans and vulnerable children (OVC) versus non-OVC that have three minimum basic material needs for personal care.  
Numerator: Proportion (%) of OVC who have three minimum basic material needs for personal care.

Numerator 1: Number of OVC aged 5-17 surveyed with a minimum set of three basic personal material needs.

Denominator 1: Number of OVC aged 5-17 surveyed.

 
Denominator: Proportion (%) of non-OVC who have three minimum basic material needs for personal care.

Numerator 2: Number of children non-OVC aged 5-17 surveyed with a minimum set of three basic personal material needs.

Denominator 2: Number of children non-OVC aged 5-17 surveyed.

 
14.9 Sex before the age of 15 ( proportion of OVCs to non-OVC)
Definition: Ratio of the proportion of orphans and vulnerable children (OVC) compared to non-OVC aged 15-17 who had sex before age 15. 
Numerator:

Proportion (%) of orphans and vulnerable children who had sex before age 15.

Numerator 1: Number of orphans and vulnerable children who report their age at first sex as under the age of 15.

Denominator 1: Total number of orphans and vulnerable children aged 15-17.

 
Denominator:

Proportion (%) of non-OVC who had sex before age 15.

Numerator 2: Number of non-OVC who report their age at first sex as under the age of 15.

Denominator 2: Total number of non-OVC aged 15-17.

 
14.10 Succession planning
Definition: The percentage of mothers or primary caregivers who report having identified a standby guardian who will take care of the child in the event that she/he is not able to do so.  
Numerator: Number of mothers or caregivers who have identified a standby guardian to take care of the dependent child.  
Denominator: All mothers or caregivers who are responsible for children aged 0–17. 
14.11 Orphans living with siblings
Definition: The percentage of orphans who are not living in the same household with all their siblings under the age of 18.  
Numerator: Number of orphans who do not live in the same household as their biological siblings ages 0–17. 
Denominator: Number of orphans who have siblings ages 0–17. 
15.1 HIV prevalence among young people aged 15-24
Definition: Percentage of young people aged 15-24 who are HIV infected. 
Numerator: Number of young people aged 15-24 tested whose HIV test results are positive. 
Denominator: Number of young people aged 15-24 tested for HIV. 
15.2 HIV prevalence among general population
Definition: Percentage HIV positive among adult respondents who were tested 
Numerator: Number of respondents tested whose HIV test results are positive. 
Denominator: Number of respondents tested for HIV. 
15.3 HIV prevalence among pregnant women
Definition: The percent of blood samples taken from pregnant women aged 15-24 that test positive for HIV during routine sentinel surveillance at selected antenatal clinics. 
Numerator: The number of HIV-positive blood samples from unlinked anonymous testing of pregnant women aged 15-24 from selected antenatal clinics. 
Denominator: Total number of blood samples from pregnant women from selected antenatal clinics submitting to unlinked, anonymous HIV blood testing. 
15.4 Syphilis prevalence among pregnant women age 15-24
Definition: The percent of blood samples taken from pregnant women aged 15-24 that test positive for syphilis by Rapid Plasma Reagin (RPR) testing during routine sentinel surveillance at selected antenatal clinics. 
Numerator: The number of blood samples from pregnant women aged 15-24 testing positive for syphilis. 
Denominator: Total number of blood samples from pregnant women aged 15-24 tested for syphilis. 
15.5 HIV prevalence in sub-populations with high-risk behaviour
Definition: HIV prevalence among members of a defined sub-population at higher risk of contracting or spreading HIV. 
Numerator: Total number of members of the at-risk subpopulation testing positive for HIV at subpopulation sentinel sites. 
Denominator: Total number of members of the at-risk subpopulation tested for HIV at subpopulation sentinel sites. 

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