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Indicators

4.6 Comprehensive correct knowledge about AIDS (2 ways to prevent AIDS and reject 3 misconceptions)
Program Area: Knowledge 
Definition: The percent of respondents who correctly identify the two major ways of preventing the sexual transmission of HIV (using condoms and limiting sex to one faithful, uninfected partner), who reject the two most common local misconceptions about HIV transmission, and who know that a healthy-looking person can have HIV, based on 4.1 and 4.2. 
Numerator: The number of respondents who, in response to prompting,
1) correctly identify using condoms and having sex only with one faithful uninfected partner as means of protection against HIV infection and
2) who correctly reject the two most common local misconceptions about AIDS transmission or prevention and
3) who correctly respond that a person who looks healthy can have HIV. 
Denominator: Total number of respondents. 
Measurement Tools: UNAIDS general population survey; DHS AIDS module; FHI BSS; UNICEF MICS 
What It Measures: This indicator is an aggregation of data from indicators 4.1 and 4.2. It reflects the extent to which national IEC programs and other efforts have succeeded in promoting the knowledge of valid HIV prevention methods and have managed to reduce misconceptions relating to the disease. 
How to Measure It: This indicator is compiled from data collected for Indicator 4.1. and Indicator 4.2. 4.1 is comprised of two questions, while 4.2 is based on 3 questions. Only respondents who answer correctly on all five prompted questions are included in the numerator. The denominator is all respondents, regardless of whether they have ever heard of AIDS. 
Strengths and Limitations: Since it shares the data collected for Indicator 4.1. and Indicator 4.2., this indicator also shares their strengths and weaknesses. Since many people with correct knowledge about prevention also have incorrect beliefs, this indicator is likely to be lower than Indicator 4.1. A smaller number of people with no misconceptions but with incorrect knowledge about prevention are likely to bring this combined indicator down below the level recorded by Indicator 4.2. 
Use of Indicator: Core indicator for all epidemics 
Tools:  
SSO Code: IR 4.1.6 
UNGASS: Yes 
The President's
Emergency Plan:
No 
OVC: No 
MDG: Yes 

USAID | UNAIDS | UNICEF | WHO | CDC | US Census Bureau
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